Modals are a type of auxiliary verb (verbs other than the main verb) that are used to show the possibility, ability, permission or necessity of a given verb. They may also be used to show politeness in certain cases which we will see in the following section. 

(मोडल एक प्रकार की सहायक क्रिया (मुख्य क्रिया के अलावा अन्य क्रिया) होती हैं जिनका उपयोग किसी दी गई क्रिया की संभावना, क्षमता, अनुमति या आवश्यकता को दर्शाने के लिए किया जाता है। उनका उपयोग कुछ मामलों में विनम्रता दिखाने के लिए भी किया जा सकता है जिसे हम निम्नलिखित अनुभाग में देखेंगे।)

ModalUsageExample Sentences
CanAbility, permission, possibilityShe can swim.Can I eat this ?
CouldPast of “can,” polite requests, past possibilityShe e could speak Spanish.Could you not make noiseIt Could have been better.
WillFuture tense, willingnessI will help you study for the exam. 
WouldPast of “will,” polite requests, hypotheticalsWould you like some biscuitsHe would have made it work.
ShallSuggestions, offers, asking for adviceShall I bring you coffee ?
ShouldObligation, advice, probabilityYou should buy this phoneThis should be the right amount.
MayPermission, possibilityMay I enter ?It may rain at night. 
MightPossibility with less certainty than “may”There might be a storm in a few days. 
MustNecessity, strong obligationYou must submit on time. 
Ought toSimilar to “should,” indicating obligationThey ought to come on time.

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