A clause is any group of words containing the sentence and verb (predicate) that forms the part of a sentence. (उपवाक्य शब्दों का कोई समूह है जिसमें वाक्य और क्रिया (विधेय) शामिल होते हैं जो वाक्य का हिस्सा बनते हैं।)

 It is important to note that not all clauses do not form complete sentences; usually multiple clauses  will join together to form a sentence. (यह ध्यान रखना महत्वपूर्ण है कि सभी खंड पूर्ण वाक्य नहीं बनाते हैं; आम तौर पर कई उपवाक्य एक साथ जुड़कर एक वाक्य बनाते हैं।)

Broadly speaking there are two types of clauses: i) Independent and ii) Dependent

Clause IndependentDependent
DefinitionMain clause Subordinate clause 
Dependence Can be used independently without any other clauseDepends on the main clause for meaning
Meaning Conveys entire meaning Does not have complete meaning 
CompletenessComplete sentenceIncomplete sentence
UseTo express a complete idea or for simple sentencesUsed to add to the idea and make complex sentences 
Examples 1. He is washing clothes2. Radha is doing ballet1. Because they were drenched in the rain2. In the auditorium
Combining the examples 1. He is washing clothes because they got drenched in the rain2. Radha is doing ballet in the auditorium. 

In the examples given above the dependent clauses clarify or provide more information about the independent clause. In the first one it explain why the person was washing clothes and in the second it gives the location of where the action was happening.

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